Understanding Political Science: Examining its Fundamentals and Implications

Introduction to Political Science

Political science, or as it is more colloquially known, ‘poli sci’, is an overarching term for the complex study of governance systems and political behavior. Combining both qualitative and quantitative analytical approaches, poli sci seeks to understand, describe, and predict political phenomena. It is a multidimensional field that offers a broad palette of insights into how societies navigate the tricky waters of power relationships.

Fundamentals of Political Science

Political Science examines a wide array of themes, such as democracy, governance, justice, rights, and political processes. It seeks to chart the ways in which power is distributed, used, and experienced. This subject can be sectioned into four major sub-disciplines, namely: Comparative Politics, International Relations, Political Economy, and Political Theory.

Comparative Politics

This branch is concerned with cross-national comparisons. It seeks to understand how and why nations vary in their political systems and practices. Topics explored within comparative politics include regime types, welfare states, and the role of civil society.

International Relations

International relations delves deeper into the complex web of interactions and relationships between states. It examines international political systems, diplomatic relations, conflicts, international corporations, and the topic of globalization.

Political Economy

This multidisciplinary field takes into account the relationship between politics and economics. It investigates how economic policies are influenced by political ideologies and how they, in turn, shape political behavior.

Political Theory

The most abstract branch, political theory, delves into the ethical and moral aspects of politics. It encompasses areas like political philosophy, political ethics, and philosophical debates about rights, justice, freedom, and democracy.

The Genesis and Development of Political Science

Political Science traces its roots back to ancient civilizations, starting from the Greek philosopher Plato and earnestly advancing during the Enlightenment period. The paradigms and concepts created centuries ago still echo in today’s political discourse, making poli sci a field deeply intertwined with history.

Since its early days, this discipline has consistently adapted to the changing landscape of human societies and the evolving modalities of governance. It has expanded its reach to accommodate newer phenomena like globalization, decentralization, political violence, and more.

Political Science in Contemporary Times

In the 21st century, Political Science has become more relevant than ever. As nations grapple with issues like global warming, economic crises, and civil unrest, Poli Sci provides the theoretical frameworks to address these challenges and generate sustainable solutions.

Political Science as a Career Path

Given its multidisciplinary approach, political science opens up diverse career paths. Poli Sci graduates can work in fields like education, journalism, public administration, law, and more. For many, it offers a viable pathway into politics itself.


Political science is a dynamic field that touches nearly every aspect of human life. It equips students with analytical thinking abilities, decision-making skills, and a deep understanding of societal structures. Given its comprehensive scope and relevance in contemporary times, poli Sci continues to be an important field of study that shapes tomorrow’s decision makers.

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